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وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لا نُكَلِّفُ نَفْسًا إِلا وُسْعَهَا


أُولَئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْجَنَّةِ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ *


وَنَزَعْنَا مَا فِي صُدُورِهِمْ مِنْ غِلٍّ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهِمُ الأَنْهَارُ


وَقَالُوا الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي هَدَانَا لِهَذَا وَمَا كُنَّا لِنَهْتَدِيَ لَوْلا أَنْ هَدَانَا اللَّهُ


لَقَدْ جَاءَتْ رُسُلُ رَبِّنَا بِالْحَقِّ


وَنُودُوا أَنْ تِلْكُمُ الْجَنَّةُ أُورِثْتُمُوهَا بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ *  

 

 

 

But those who believed (in the Oneness of Allâh – Islâmic Monotheism), and worked righteousness – We tax not any person beyond his scope, such are the dwellers of Paradise. They will abide therein. And We shall remove from their breasts any (mutual) hatred or sense of injury (which they had, if at all, in the life of this world); rivers flowing under them, and they will say: “All the praises and thanks be to Allâh, Who has guided us to this, never could we have found guidance, were it not that Allâh had guided us! Indeed, the Messengers of our Lord did come with the truth.” And it will be cried out to them: “This is the Paradise which you have inherited for what you used to do.”

 

(Al-A’raf 7:42-43)

 

 

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How great Allaah’s Generosity is! He blesses them with guidance, allows them to remain steadfast upon it, then rewards them with Jannah! May Allaah make us among them. Aameen. 

 

An appropriate reminder at this point would be of the hadeeth reported in Saheeh Muslim (Arabic Online) or Translation in Vol.4, p.1397, #6418:

 

Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin al-‘Aas – radiyallaahu anhu – said, that he heard Allah’s Messenger – sallallaahu alaihi wa sallaam – saying, “All the hearts of the offspring of Aadam are between two fingers of Ar-Rehman’s Fingers, as one heart. He turns it (in any direction) as He wills. Then Allah’s Messenger said, “O Allah! The Turner of the hearts, turn our heart towards Your obedience.

 

 

 

 

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Updated – Please see comments

 

Lunar Eclipse, Australia

 

 

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ‏صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ

 

‏إِنَّ الشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ آيَتَانِ مِنْ آيَاتِ اللَّهِ يُخَوِّفُ اللَّهُ بِهِمَا عِبَادَهُ

وَإِنَّهُمَا لاَ يَنْكَسِفَانِ لِمَوْتِ أَحَدٍ مِنْ النَّاسِ

فَإِذَا رَأَيْتُمْ مِنْهَا شَيْئًا فَصَلُّوا وَادْعُوا اللَّهَ حَتَّى يُكْشَفَ مَا بِكُمْ

 

 

The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) said:

 

“Verily the sun and the moon are two signs among the signs of Allaah by which He frightens His servants, and they do not eclipse on account of the death of any one of the people. So when you see anything regarding them (eclipse of sun or moon), then observe prayer and supplicate to Allaah until what has befallen you is cleared.” (1)

 

 

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(1) Narrated by Abu Mas’ood al-Ansaaree, as reported by Muslim in his saheeh.

 

(*) A “Total Lunar Eclipse” is expected to be visible in the Americas today, Wednesday Feb. 20, 2008 – and Allaah knows best. The view promoted by scientists, news articles/reports, and people in general, is that an eclipse is a “spectacle” to behold. You see announcements of “parties” where people can gather and “view” the phenomenon together, preparing telescopes, cameras and the like. Unfortunately, many of us forget what our stance as Muslims should be in such times and events. 

 

This should be a reminder to us about the Day of Judgement. Allaah ta’aalaa says in Soorat al-Qiyaamah:

 

“Nay! (Man denies Resurrection and Reckoning.  So) he desires to continue committing sins.  He asks: “When will be this Day of Resurrection?”  So, when the sight shall be dazed, and the moon will be eclipsed, and the sun and moon will be joined together (by going one into the other or folded up or deprived of their light, etc.)  On that Day man will say: “Where (is the refuge) to flee?”  No! There is no refuge!  Unto your Lord (Alone) will be the place of rest that Day.  On that Day man will be informed of what he sent forward (of his evil or good deeds), and what he left behind (of his good or evil traditions).  Nay! Man will be a witness against himself [as his body parts (skin, hands, legs, etc.) will speak about his deeds].  Though he may put forth his excuses (to cover his evil deeds).”

(Al-Qiyaamah 75: 5-15)

 

 

Below are a few points of benefit taken from the fataawaa of Sh. Ibn Uthaymeen – rahimahullaah.  The translation is not an exact one, and additions have been made in square brackets for clarity.  The reference for each point can be accessed by clicking on the point number.

 

Points of Benefit

 

(1) The eclipse takes place by the will of Allaah…it’s a warning from Allaah ‘azza wa jall to His servants of an expected punishment.

 

(2) Just because this is a “natural phenomenon” [i.e. there are scientific reasons why this happens: alignment of sun, earth and moon] it doesn’t contradict what has been reported to us through the Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam that such events are signs from Allaah with which He frightens His servants. This can be compared to thunder, which can be explained through science, yet Allaah says about it:

 

“It is He who shows you the lightning, as a fear and as a hope. And it is He Who brings up (or originates) the clouds, heavy (with water). And Ar-Ra’d (thunder) glorifies and praises Him, and so do the angels because of His Awe, He sends the thunderbolts, and therewith He strikes whom He wills, yet they (disbelievers) dispute about Allah. And He is Mighty in strength and Severe in punishment.” 

(Soorat ar-Ra’d: 12,13)

 

(3) Some of the actions which the Prophet – sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam – has commanded us to perform at the time of the eclipse are prayer, giving charity, seeking forgiveness of Allaah [istighfaar], takbeer [saying Allaahu Akbar], du’aa, and freeing slaves. [All these, as well as seeking refuge from the punishment of the grave, are mentioned in saheeh ahaadeeth.]

 

(4) Allaah has made this a warning NOT a punishment. Some people doubt the matter and say that lunar/solar eclipses happen all the time and we do not find anything wrong [nothing bad happens]. To that it is said that the Prophet – sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam – didn’t say that it’s a punishment and an anger from Allaah that will strike the people [at the time of the eclipse]! What he said is that Allaah frightens His servants so that they repent to Him. So if they get up and pray and do what they were commanded by the Prophet salallaahu alaihi wa sallam, then Allaah ta’aalaa might relieve them of His punishment.

 

***

 

ash-Shaykh al-Albaanee – rahimahullaah – has written a description of the eclipse prayer as performed by the Prophet – sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, the translation of which can be found here.  Please note:  Scholars agree that the eclipse prayer is to be performed only DURING the time of the eclipse for those who see it.  If it hasn’t taken place, you missed it, or if you reside outside the place where the eclipse will be visible, then you are not to perform this prayer – wallaahu a’lam. 

 

We ask Allaah ta’aalaa to forgive us, save us from His punishment, and not make us heedless of His signs. Aameen.

 

 

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Ramadaan Special – 1428 – #2

Ramadaan…
A month in which we strive to please Allaah and increase in doing good…
We try to remain consistent throughout the month, and we ask Allaah’s help…
What happens after Ramadaan?
The Rabb of Ramadaan is the Rabb of all other months of the year…
What attitude can we carry with us from this month into our daily life and worship?

Below are excerpts fromPractical Lessons from the Month of Fasting(1)

 

.•°•.•°•.•°•.•°•.•°•.•°•.•°•.•°•.

 

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“As the days of Ramadaan elapse, the Muslim finds one of life’s opportunities presented before him. It is an opportunity which he may reach once again, or perhaps his decreed fate will overtake him before he reaches it. Nonetheless, what is most important is that this opportunity is utilized by filling it with acts of obedience and remaining far away from sins. Even more important is remaining consistent in doing those things as well, since one of the rewards for a good deed is being guided to perform other good deeds afterwards. In a similar way, one of the punishments for an evil deed is being left to perform other evil deeds after it…”

 

***

 

“During those blessed days of Ramadaan, the soul should have accustomed itself to obedience while hoping for what Allaah has in store, and restraining itself out of fear from His punishment. Undoubtedly, once this has been done, the benefit which the Muslim gleans and the lesson he acquires is that he must subsequently continue to perform good deeds and avoid sins. This is so since Allaah has commanded His servants to worship Him for the entire duration of their lives…”

 

***

 

“Once the Muslim has tasted the sweetness of obedience during the month of fasting, it is not proper for him to replace it with the bitterness of disobedience. Additionally, once he has overpowered his enemy in the month of fasting, it is not fitting to bring joy to him during Shawwaal and the months that follow. If a Muslim truly wants good for himself, he must not stop performing good deeds with the departure of the month of fasting. Doing so would be like substituting a time that is better for that which is lower in rank…”

 

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(1) Taken from a translation based on a lecture delivered Shawwaal 16, 1390 A.H. by Ash-Shaykh Abdul-Muhsin ibn Hamad al-Abbaad. The original lecture was published in the Journal of the Islaamic University of Madeenah, Issue #10. The complete translation is posted here.

 

 

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Ramadaan Special – 1428 – #1

This world is a place of trials and tests…
Why does Allaah mention this fact to us, then follow it by the names “al-Azeez” and “al-Ghafoor”…?

Below is an excerpt fromPractical Lessons from the Month of Fasting(1)

 

.•°•.•°•.•°•.•°•.•°•.•°•.•°•.•°•. 

 

al-Mulk

 

Allaah made life in this world as a place of trial and testing as to which of His servants are best in deeds. He said

 

الَّذِي خَلَقَ الْمَوْتَ وَالْحَيَاةَ لِيَبْلُوَكُمْ أَيُّكُمْ أَحْسَنُ عَمَلاً

 

which means, Who has created death and life, that He may test which of you is best in action. [Soorah al-Mulk (67):2]

 

and then said

 

وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْغَفُورُ

 

which means, And He is the Almighty, the Oft-Forgiving. [Soorah al-Mulk (67):2]

 

This clarifies that these tested individuals include ones who excel in their deeds and will be rewarded due to what is entailed by Allaah’s name al-Ghafoor (the Oft-Forgiving). Similarly included are those who act wrongly and will deserve punishment due to what is entailed by His name al-Azeez (the Almighty). That is like His saying

 

نَبِّئْ عِبَادِي أَنِّي أَنَا الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ وَأَنَّ عَذَابِي هُوَ الْعَذَابُ الأَلِيمُ

 

which means, Declare to My servants, that I am truly the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful. And that My Torment is indeed the most painful torment. [Soorah al-Hijr (15):49,50]

 

 

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(1) Taken from a translation based on a lecture delivered Shawwaal 16, 1390 A.H. by Ash-Shaykh Abdul-Muhsin ibn Hamad al-Abbaad. The original lecture was published in the Journal of the Islaamic University of Madeenah, Issue #10. The complete translation will be posted on Thikraa soon, in shaa’ Allaah.

 

 

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Ibn Rajab – rahimahullaah – said:  (1)

 

 

 

ولا بد للمؤمن من صبر قليل حتى يصل به إلى راحة طويلة…

 

…and it’s incumbent upon the believer to have a little patience in order to reach by way of it to a lengthy rest.

 

 

 

فإن جزع ولم يصبر فهو كما قال ابن المبارك

من صبر فما أقل ما يصبر ومن جزع فما أقل ما يتمتع

 

If he gets impatient then he is,
as has been said by Ibn al-Mubaarak:

 

Whoever exercises patience,
then how little is the patience he will have to exercise.
And whoever is impatient,
then how little is the enjoyment he will have.

 

 

 

:وكان الإمام الشافعي رحمه اللَه ينشد

 

يا نَـفـسُ مــا هِـــيَ إلاّ صَـــبـــرُ أَيّامِ

كَــأَنَّ مُـدَّتَــهـــا أَضــغــاثُ أَحــلامِ
 
يا نَـفْـسُ جـــوزي عَـنِ الـدُنــيا مُـبـادِرَةً

وَخَــلِّ عَـنـهـا فَـإِنَّ الـعَـيشَ قُــدامـــي

 

 

al-Imaam ash-Shaafi’ee – rahimahullaah –
used to recite (the following verses of poetry):

 

“O my soul! It is not, except a few days of patience;
As if the extent were but a few dreams.
O my soul! Pass quickly on through this world;
And leave it, for indeed life lies ahead of it.”
(2)

 

 

 

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(1)  From Ibn Rajab al-Hanbalee’s book “Fadl ‘ilm as-Salaf” – The Excellence of the Salaf’s Knowledge.

(2)  Translation of ash-Shaafi’ee’s – rahimahullaah – poem is taken from an article titled “The Yearning of the Pious for Paradise” – al-Istiqaamah Magazine, Issue #2, Safar 1417 A.H.  The rest of the translation (of what’s mentioned by Ibn Rajab in his book) is done by Thikraa.

 

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Don’t Speak Without Knowledge

Say “Allaahu A’lam”

 

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 قال أبو بكر – رضي الله تعالى عنه –

 

أي سماء تظلني؟ وأي أرض تقلني؟ إذا قلت في كتاب الله ما لا أعلم؟!

 

 

Aboo Bakr – radiyallaahu ‘anhu – said:


Which sky would shade me and which earth would carry me (i.e. let me live upon it) if I were to say about the Book of Allaah that which I do not know (about)?! (1)

 

 

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Shaikh Ibn Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah) mentions in one of his Khutab (plural of Khutbah) several examples that exhort one from speaking without knowledge. Some of what he has mentioned is as follows:

 

***

 

(1) Aboo Bakr’s saying – radiyallaahu ‘anhu – (in post above).  Narrated by Ibn Maajah in his Sunan in the book of Zakaat #1791; also mentioned by Ibn Qayyim – rahimahullaah – in ‘I’laam al-Muwaqqi’een. The narration is Maqtoo’ but strengthened by all its ways as mentioned here.

 

***

 

(2) Saying of Ibn Mas’ood – radiyallaahu ‘anhu –

 

‏يا أيها الناس من علم شيئا فليقل به ومن لم يعلم فليقل ‏الله أعلم فإن من العلم أن يقول لما لا يعلم الله أعلم

“O People! Whoever knows something then let him say it (speak of it), and whoever doesn’t know then let him say ‘Allaahu ‘A’lam’ (Allaah knows best), for it is a sign of having knowledge to say about that which one doesn’t know ‘Allaahu ‘A’lam’

 

[Saheeh al-Bukhaaree #4435. English Translation Online #4481 in Book of Exegesis of the Qur’aan. Also found in Saheeh Muslim #5007; English Translation Online Book 39, Ch. 8, #6720 – Sh. Ibn Uthaymeen’s site provides more references.]

 

***

 

(3) ash-Sha’bee – rahimahullaah –

 

وسئل الشعبي عن مسألة فقال لا أحسنها فقال له أصحابه قد استحيينا لك فقال لكن الملائكة لم تستحي حين قالت: لا علم لنا إلا ما علمتنا

Ash-Sha’bee was asked about an issue, so he said “I am not good/well versed at it” (i.e. I don’t know). His friends then said to him “We felt embarrassed on your behalf” (i.e. being one who knows so much, how could you say that you do not know about the matter), so he said “But the angels did not feel embarrassed when they said: we have no knowledge except what you have taught us.

 

[Mentioned by Ibn al-Qayyim – rahimahullaah – in the book “I’laam al-Muwaqqi’een” pg. 218; aayah with saying of angels is #32 of Soorat al-Baqarah]

 

 

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يَوْمَ يَبْعَثُهُمُ اللَّهُ جَمِيعًا فَيُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا عَمِلُوا أَحْصَاهُ اللَّهُ وَنَسُوهُ

وَاللَّهُ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ

 

On the Day when Allâh will resurrect them all together (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) and inform them of what they did. Allâh has kept account of it, while they have forgotten it. And Allâh is Witness over all things.

 

(Al-Mujadilah 58:06)

 

 

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