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Archive for the ‘Ibaadah’ Category

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Lunar Eclipse, Australia

 

 

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ ‏صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ

 

‏إِنَّ الشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ آيَتَانِ مِنْ آيَاتِ اللَّهِ يُخَوِّفُ اللَّهُ بِهِمَا عِبَادَهُ

وَإِنَّهُمَا لاَ يَنْكَسِفَانِ لِمَوْتِ أَحَدٍ مِنْ النَّاسِ

فَإِذَا رَأَيْتُمْ مِنْهَا شَيْئًا فَصَلُّوا وَادْعُوا اللَّهَ حَتَّى يُكْشَفَ مَا بِكُمْ

 

 

The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) said:

 

“Verily the sun and the moon are two signs among the signs of Allaah by which He frightens His servants, and they do not eclipse on account of the death of any one of the people. So when you see anything regarding them (eclipse of sun or moon), then observe prayer and supplicate to Allaah until what has befallen you is cleared.” (1)

 

 

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(1) Narrated by Abu Mas’ood al-Ansaaree, as reported by Muslim in his saheeh.

 

(*) A “Total Lunar Eclipse” is expected to be visible in the Americas today, Wednesday Feb. 20, 2008 – and Allaah knows best. The view promoted by scientists, news articles/reports, and people in general, is that an eclipse is a “spectacle” to behold. You see announcements of “parties” where people can gather and “view” the phenomenon together, preparing telescopes, cameras and the like. Unfortunately, many of us forget what our stance as Muslims should be in such times and events. 

 

This should be a reminder to us about the Day of Judgement. Allaah ta’aalaa says in Soorat al-Qiyaamah:

 

“Nay! (Man denies Resurrection and Reckoning.  So) he desires to continue committing sins.  He asks: “When will be this Day of Resurrection?”  So, when the sight shall be dazed, and the moon will be eclipsed, and the sun and moon will be joined together (by going one into the other or folded up or deprived of their light, etc.)  On that Day man will say: “Where (is the refuge) to flee?”  No! There is no refuge!  Unto your Lord (Alone) will be the place of rest that Day.  On that Day man will be informed of what he sent forward (of his evil or good deeds), and what he left behind (of his good or evil traditions).  Nay! Man will be a witness against himself [as his body parts (skin, hands, legs, etc.) will speak about his deeds].  Though he may put forth his excuses (to cover his evil deeds).”

(Al-Qiyaamah 75: 5-15)

 

 

Below are a few points of benefit taken from the fataawaa of Sh. Ibn Uthaymeen – rahimahullaah.  The translation is not an exact one, and additions have been made in square brackets for clarity.  The reference for each point can be accessed by clicking on the point number.

 

Points of Benefit

 

(1) The eclipse takes place by the will of Allaah…it’s a warning from Allaah ‘azza wa jall to His servants of an expected punishment.

 

(2) Just because this is a “natural phenomenon” [i.e. there are scientific reasons why this happens: alignment of sun, earth and moon] it doesn’t contradict what has been reported to us through the Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam that such events are signs from Allaah with which He frightens His servants. This can be compared to thunder, which can be explained through science, yet Allaah says about it:

 

“It is He who shows you the lightning, as a fear and as a hope. And it is He Who brings up (or originates) the clouds, heavy (with water). And Ar-Ra’d (thunder) glorifies and praises Him, and so do the angels because of His Awe, He sends the thunderbolts, and therewith He strikes whom He wills, yet they (disbelievers) dispute about Allah. And He is Mighty in strength and Severe in punishment.” 

(Soorat ar-Ra’d: 12,13)

 

(3) Some of the actions which the Prophet – sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam – has commanded us to perform at the time of the eclipse are prayer, giving charity, seeking forgiveness of Allaah [istighfaar], takbeer [saying Allaahu Akbar], du’aa, and freeing slaves. [All these, as well as seeking refuge from the punishment of the grave, are mentioned in saheeh ahaadeeth.]

 

(4) Allaah has made this a warning NOT a punishment. Some people doubt the matter and say that lunar/solar eclipses happen all the time and we do not find anything wrong [nothing bad happens]. To that it is said that the Prophet – sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam – didn’t say that it’s a punishment and an anger from Allaah that will strike the people [at the time of the eclipse]! What he said is that Allaah frightens His servants so that they repent to Him. So if they get up and pray and do what they were commanded by the Prophet salallaahu alaihi wa sallam, then Allaah ta’aalaa might relieve them of His punishment.

 

***

 

ash-Shaykh al-Albaanee – rahimahullaah – has written a description of the eclipse prayer as performed by the Prophet – sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, the translation of which can be found here.  Please note:  Scholars agree that the eclipse prayer is to be performed only DURING the time of the eclipse for those who see it.  If it hasn’t taken place, you missed it, or if you reside outside the place where the eclipse will be visible, then you are not to perform this prayer – wallaahu a’lam. 

 

We ask Allaah ta’aalaa to forgive us, save us from His punishment, and not make us heedless of His signs. Aameen.

 

 

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قَالَ النَّبِيُّ ‏صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ

 

‏إِنَّ مِنْ أَفْضَلِ أَيَّامِكُمْ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَأَكْثِرُوا عَلَيَّ مِنْ الصَّلاَةِ فِيهِ

فَإِنَّ صَلاَتَكُمْ مَعْرُوضَةٌ عَلَيَّ قَالَ فَقَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ

 – وَكَيْفَ تُعْرَضُ صَلاَتُنَا عَلَيْكَ وَقَدْ أَرَمْتَ ‏- ‏قَالَ يَقُولُونَ بَلِيتَ

‏قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى حَرَّمَ عَلَى الأَرْضِ أَجْسَادَ الأَنْبِيَاءِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِمْ

 

 

The Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) said:

 

“Surely, among the best of your days is Friday; so increase in (invoking Allaah’s) Salaat (1) upon me during it, for your (invocations for Allaah’s) Salaat (upon me) will be displayed to me.” So they (the companions, radiyallaahu ‘ahnum) asked: “O Messenger of Allah! How will our (invocation for Allaah’s) Salaat (upon you) be displayed to you when you have disintegrated (i.e. your body turned to dust in the grave)?” He replied, “Verily, Allaah tabaaraka wa ta’aalaa has made forbidden for the earth (the consumption of) the bodies of the Prophets – may Allaah’s Salaat be upon them.” (2)

 

 

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(1) Regarding the term Salaat: When one sends Salaat upon the Prophet – sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam – it does NOT mean that one prays TO the Prophet – wal ‘iyaathu billaah – because that would constitute shirk; rather, this means that one prays/asks/invokes/supplicates to ALLAAH (alone) to send His Salaat upon the Prophet – sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam. In the expression “Salla Allaahu Alaihi/Alaihim” the Salaat from Allaah is interpreted to mean His praising of him/them before al-mala’ al-a’laa (the angels). This is how Abul-Aaliyah – radiyallaahu anhu – interpreted it as mentioned in Saheeh al-Bukhaaree regarding verse 56 from Soorat al-Ahzaab. It is also the choice of Sh. Ibn Uthaymeen – rahimahullaah – in ash-SharH al-Mumti’. Wallaahu A’lam.  For more information, read this.

 

(2) The Hadeeth is narrated by Aws ‘ibn Aws – radiyallaahu ‘anhu – and graded Saheeh by Sh. al-Albaanee – rahimahullaah – in Saheeh Abee Daawood, #1531.  Online Reference – Sunan Abee Daawood.

 

 

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Don’t Speak Without Knowledge

Say “Allaahu A’lam”

 

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 قال أبو بكر – رضي الله تعالى عنه –

 

أي سماء تظلني؟ وأي أرض تقلني؟ إذا قلت في كتاب الله ما لا أعلم؟!

 

 

Aboo Bakr – radiyallaahu ‘anhu – said:


Which sky would shade me and which earth would carry me (i.e. let me live upon it) if I were to say about the Book of Allaah that which I do not know (about)?! (1)

 

 

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Shaikh Ibn Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah) mentions in one of his Khutab (plural of Khutbah) several examples that exhort one from speaking without knowledge. Some of what he has mentioned is as follows:

 

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(1) Aboo Bakr’s saying – radiyallaahu ‘anhu – (in post above).  Narrated by Ibn Maajah in his Sunan in the book of Zakaat #1791; also mentioned by Ibn Qayyim – rahimahullaah – in ‘I’laam al-Muwaqqi’een. The narration is Maqtoo’ but strengthened by all its ways as mentioned here.

 

***

 

(2) Saying of Ibn Mas’ood – radiyallaahu ‘anhu –

 

‏يا أيها الناس من علم شيئا فليقل به ومن لم يعلم فليقل ‏الله أعلم فإن من العلم أن يقول لما لا يعلم الله أعلم

“O People! Whoever knows something then let him say it (speak of it), and whoever doesn’t know then let him say ‘Allaahu ‘A’lam’ (Allaah knows best), for it is a sign of having knowledge to say about that which one doesn’t know ‘Allaahu ‘A’lam’

 

[Saheeh al-Bukhaaree #4435. English Translation Online #4481 in Book of Exegesis of the Qur’aan. Also found in Saheeh Muslim #5007; English Translation Online Book 39, Ch. 8, #6720 – Sh. Ibn Uthaymeen’s site provides more references.]

 

***

 

(3) ash-Sha’bee – rahimahullaah –

 

وسئل الشعبي عن مسألة فقال لا أحسنها فقال له أصحابه قد استحيينا لك فقال لكن الملائكة لم تستحي حين قالت: لا علم لنا إلا ما علمتنا

Ash-Sha’bee was asked about an issue, so he said “I am not good/well versed at it” (i.e. I don’t know). His friends then said to him “We felt embarrassed on your behalf” (i.e. being one who knows so much, how could you say that you do not know about the matter), so he said “But the angels did not feel embarrassed when they said: we have no knowledge except what you have taught us.

 

[Mentioned by Ibn al-Qayyim – rahimahullaah – in the book “I’laam al-Muwaqqi’een” pg. 218; aayah with saying of angels is #32 of Soorat al-Baqarah]

 

 

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مسح أثر النوم عن الوجه باليد

:وقد نص على استحبابه النووي وابن حجر لحديث

 ([*]فاستيقظ رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فجلس يمسح النوم عن وجهه بيده)

رواه مسلم

 

 

Wiping Traces of Sleep off the Face with the Hand (1)

 

an-Nawawee (2) and ibn Hajar have written (indicating) it being a recommended (mustaHabb) act, due to the Hadeeth:

 

(The Messenger of Allaah – sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam – then got up and began to wipe [the traces of] sleep off his face [by rubbing it] with his hand.)

 

Reported by Muslim. (3)

 

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(1) From the book “More than 1000 Sunnah in the Day and the Night” by Sh. Khalid al-Husaynaan – listed #1 under the Sunan of Waking-up from Sleep. Sh. Khalid is an Imaam and Khateeb with the Ministry of Endowments and Islaamic Affairs, Kuwait; the imaam of Masjid al-Albaanee, Kuwait; and a graduate in Usool ad-Deen from the University of al-Imaam Muhammad ibn Su’ood, KSA.

 

[*] Please Note: What’s in the brackets is what appears in the book. In Saheeh Muslim, the wording of it is as follows:

 

استيقظ رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏فجعل يمسح النوم عن وجهه بيده

 

The translation in English matches what is found in Saheeh Muslim rather than the book.

 

(2) an-Nawawee indicates that it’s mustaHabb in his explanation of Saheeh Muslim, in which he said:

 

(قوله: (فجعل يمسح النوم عن وجهه
معناه: أثر النوم , وفيه: استحباب هذا واستعمال المجاز

 

“His saying: (he began to wipe sleep off his face)
Its meaning: The traces of sleep; and [contained] in it: The recommendation of this [action], and use of figurative speech.”

 

(3) Online Reference in English Translation – Saheeh Muslim, Book 4: Salaah, Chapter 119: Supplication in the Night Prayer, #1672.

 

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دعوات المكروب : اللهم رحمتك أرجو ، فلا تكلني إلى نفسي طرفة عين ، و أصلح لي شأني كله ، لا إله إلا أنت

The supplications of one in distress [include]: Allaahumma RaHmataka arjoo, falaa takilnee ilaa nafsee tarfata ‘ayn, wa asliH lee sha’nee kullahu, laa ilaaha illaa anta. (1)” (2)

 

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ما يمنعك أن تسمعي ما أوصيك به ؟ أن تقولي إذا أصبحت و إذا أمسيت : يا حي يا قيوم برحمتك أستغيث ، أصلح لي شأني كله ، و لا تكلني إلى نفسي طرفة عين

What prevents you from listening to [and implementing] what I advise you with? [And that is] that you say when you reach the morning and the evening: yaa Hayyu yaa Qayyoomu bi-RaHmatika astagheethu, asliH lee sha’nee kullahu, wa laa takilnee ilaa nafsee tarfata ‘ayn. (3)” (4)

 

 

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Note: H = ح

(1) Translation as appears in Hisul Muslim: ‘O Allaah, it is Your mercy that I hope for, so do not leave me in charge of my affairs even for a blink of an eye and rectify for me all of my affairs. None has the right to be worshipped except You.

(2) The hadeeth has been reported by Aboo Bakrata Nafee’ ibn al-Haarith (radiyallaahu ‘anhu), and graded Hasan by Sh. al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) in Saheeh al-Jaami’, #3388.

(3) Translation as appears in Hisul Muslim: ‘O Ever Living, O Self-Subsisting and Supporter of all, by Your mercy I seek assistance, rectify for me all of my affairs and do not leave me to myself, even for the blink of an eye.

(4) Reported by Anas ibn Maalik (radiyallaahu ‘anhu), and graded Hasan by Sh. al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) in Saheeh al-Jaami’, #5820.

Note: You may find these supplications in Hisnul Muslim under “Supplication for One in Distress” and “Remembrance said in the morning and the evening” (respectively), and you will find additional references there in shaa’ Allaah. For an online version, please visit http://www.makedua.com.

 

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مَنْ سَبَّحَ اللَّهَ فِي دُبُرِ كُلِّ صَلاةٍ ثَلاثًا وَثَلاثِينَ وَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ ثَلاثًا وَثَلاثِينَ وَكَبَّرَ اللَّهَ ثَلاثًا وَثَلاثِينَ فَتْلِكَ تِسْعَةٌ وَتِسْعُونَ وَقَالَ تَمَامَ الْمِائَةِ لا إِلَهَ إِلاّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لا شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ غُفِرَتْ خَطَايَاهُ وَإِنْ كَانَتْ مِثْلَ زَبَدِ الْبَحْرِ


Abu Hurayrah (radiyallaahu ‘anhu) reported from the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu alaihi wa sallam):

Whoever glorifies Allaah (says SubHaanallaah) after each prayer thirty-three times, praises Allaah (says alHamdulillaah) thirty-three times, and magnifies Allaah (says Allaahu Akbar) thirty-three times – that makes ninety-nine – then completes one hundered by saying ‘Laa ilaaha illallaah waHdahu laa shareeka lahu, lahul mulku, wa lahul Hamdu, wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shay’in qadeerun (1), his sins will be forgiven even if they were (abundant) like the foam of the sea.” (2)

 

 

Next time your nafs and/or the Shaytaan urge you to get up after salah without saying this…

think about your many sins…

and how THIS action – if done sincerely for the sake of Allaah – can be the one that will save you (after His Mercy) (3).

 

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Note: H = ح

(1) Translation as appears in Hisul Muslim: None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, alone, without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is over all things omnipotent.

(2) Reported by Muslim in his Saheeh, #939. Online Reference in Translation of Saheeh Muslim: Book 004, Chapter 69, #1243.

(3) Abu Hurayrah reported Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) as saying: There is none whose deeds alone would entitle him to get into Paradise. It was said to him: And, Allaah’s Messenger, not even you? Thereupon he said: Not even I, but that my Lord wraps me in Mercy. – Translation of Saheeh Muslim, Book 039, Chapter 15, #6761.
 

 

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:قال الفضيل

إذا لم تقدر على قيام الليل، وصيام النهار، فاعلم أنك محروم، كبلتك خطيئتك

 

 Al-Fudayl (1) said:
 

If you are unable to perform Qiyaam al-Layl (pray during the night), and fast during the day, then know that you are deprived, shackled by your sin(s). (2)

 

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(1)  He is al-Fudayl ‘ibn ‘Iyaad at-Tameemee – passed away in Makkah 187 A.H.

(2)  Mawaa’ith lil-Imaam al-Fudayl ‘ibn ‘Iyaad.  Compiled by Saalih Ahmad ash-Shaamee.  al-Maktab al-Islaamee; First Edition 1998/1419 A.H.  Reference of quote:  Siyar A’laam an-Nubalaa’ (8/435)

 

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