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Don’t Speak Without Knowledge

Say “Allaahu A’lam”

 

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 قال أبو بكر – رضي الله تعالى عنه –

 

أي سماء تظلني؟ وأي أرض تقلني؟ إذا قلت في كتاب الله ما لا أعلم؟!

 

 

Aboo Bakr – radiyallaahu ‘anhu – said:


Which sky would shade me and which earth would carry me (i.e. let me live upon it) if I were to say about the Book of Allaah that which I do not know (about)?! (1)

 

 

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Shaikh Ibn Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah) mentions in one of his Khutab (plural of Khutbah) several examples that exhort one from speaking without knowledge. Some of what he has mentioned is as follows:

 

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(1) Aboo Bakr’s saying – radiyallaahu ‘anhu – (in post above).  Narrated by Ibn Maajah in his Sunan in the book of Zakaat #1791; also mentioned by Ibn Qayyim – rahimahullaah – in ‘I’laam al-Muwaqqi’een. The narration is Maqtoo’ but strengthened by all its ways as mentioned here.

 

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(2) Saying of Ibn Mas’ood – radiyallaahu ‘anhu –

 

‏يا أيها الناس من علم شيئا فليقل به ومن لم يعلم فليقل ‏الله أعلم فإن من العلم أن يقول لما لا يعلم الله أعلم

“O People! Whoever knows something then let him say it (speak of it), and whoever doesn’t know then let him say ‘Allaahu ‘A’lam’ (Allaah knows best), for it is a sign of having knowledge to say about that which one doesn’t know ‘Allaahu ‘A’lam’

 

[Saheeh al-Bukhaaree #4435. English Translation Online #4481 in Book of Exegesis of the Qur’aan. Also found in Saheeh Muslim #5007; English Translation Online Book 39, Ch. 8, #6720 – Sh. Ibn Uthaymeen’s site provides more references.]

 

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(3) ash-Sha’bee – rahimahullaah –

 

وسئل الشعبي عن مسألة فقال لا أحسنها فقال له أصحابه قد استحيينا لك فقال لكن الملائكة لم تستحي حين قالت: لا علم لنا إلا ما علمتنا

Ash-Sha’bee was asked about an issue, so he said “I am not good/well versed at it” (i.e. I don’t know). His friends then said to him “We felt embarrassed on your behalf” (i.e. being one who knows so much, how could you say that you do not know about the matter), so he said “But the angels did not feel embarrassed when they said: we have no knowledge except what you have taught us.

 

[Mentioned by Ibn al-Qayyim – rahimahullaah – in the book “I’laam al-Muwaqqi’een” pg. 218; aayah with saying of angels is #32 of Soorat al-Baqarah]

 

 

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قال الشاعر

لسانك لا تذكر به عورة امريءٍ *** فكلك عوراتٌ وللناس ألسنُ
وعينك إن أبدت إليك مساوئاً *** فصنها وقل يا عين للناس أعينُ

 

A poet has said

Your tongue, do not mention with it another’s fault,
For you are full of faults and people have tongues (as well)!
And your eye, should it reveal to you faults (of others),
Then guard it, and say “O Eye, people have eyes (too)!”

 

 

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These lines of poetry are quite famous in the Arabic language; there are several versions with different wordings…e.g.

فلا ينطـلـــق منــك اللسان بسوءة فكلك سوءات و للناس ألسن
و عينــك إن أبـدت إليــك معـايبــا فصنها وقل ياعين للناس أعين

They have been attributed to al-Imaam ash-Shaafi’ee (rahimahullaah), wallaahu ‘a’lam.  The message contained within is something to ponder.  We ask Allaah to busy us with our faults (acknowleding them and striving to correct them etc.)  from (searching for and backbiting about) the faults of others!  This is not to say, of course, that you shouldn’t advise your fellow Muslims and offer them naseeha for the sake of Allaah if you see them at fault.

Note:  [Update: May.16.07 – I have been told this can be found in the Deewaan of al-Imaam ash-Shaafi’ee (collection of poetry), wallaahu ‘a’lam.]  If you come across a sound reference attributing these lines to the Imaam, please leave a comment with the reference. Baarakallaahu feekum.

 

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دعوات المكروب : اللهم رحمتك أرجو ، فلا تكلني إلى نفسي طرفة عين ، و أصلح لي شأني كله ، لا إله إلا أنت

The supplications of one in distress [include]: Allaahumma RaHmataka arjoo, falaa takilnee ilaa nafsee tarfata ‘ayn, wa asliH lee sha’nee kullahu, laa ilaaha illaa anta. (1)” (2)

 

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ما يمنعك أن تسمعي ما أوصيك به ؟ أن تقولي إذا أصبحت و إذا أمسيت : يا حي يا قيوم برحمتك أستغيث ، أصلح لي شأني كله ، و لا تكلني إلى نفسي طرفة عين

What prevents you from listening to [and implementing] what I advise you with? [And that is] that you say when you reach the morning and the evening: yaa Hayyu yaa Qayyoomu bi-RaHmatika astagheethu, asliH lee sha’nee kullahu, wa laa takilnee ilaa nafsee tarfata ‘ayn. (3)” (4)

 

 

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Note: H = ح

(1) Translation as appears in Hisul Muslim: ‘O Allaah, it is Your mercy that I hope for, so do not leave me in charge of my affairs even for a blink of an eye and rectify for me all of my affairs. None has the right to be worshipped except You.

(2) The hadeeth has been reported by Aboo Bakrata Nafee’ ibn al-Haarith (radiyallaahu ‘anhu), and graded Hasan by Sh. al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) in Saheeh al-Jaami’, #3388.

(3) Translation as appears in Hisul Muslim: ‘O Ever Living, O Self-Subsisting and Supporter of all, by Your mercy I seek assistance, rectify for me all of my affairs and do not leave me to myself, even for the blink of an eye.

(4) Reported by Anas ibn Maalik (radiyallaahu ‘anhu), and graded Hasan by Sh. al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) in Saheeh al-Jaami’, #5820.

Note: You may find these supplications in Hisnul Muslim under “Supplication for One in Distress” and “Remembrance said in the morning and the evening” (respectively), and you will find additional references there in shaa’ Allaah. For an online version, please visit http://www.makedua.com.

 

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:عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه ، قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم

من حسن إسلام المرء تركه ما لا يعـنيه

 

On the authority of Aboo Hurayrah (radiyallaahu ‘anhu) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) said:

“Part of the perfection of one’s Islaam is his leaving that which does not concern him.” (1)

 

“…and this is repugnant, that we talk much without any action. We sit in long gatherings/sittings for an hour, two hours, or three (indulged) in repetitive and harmful talk without any benefit in it. If one ponders over the waajibaat (obligations, or things we should be doing), he will find them many; (however), you find that he indulges in the mubaah (permissible) – and perhaps it is accompanied with some haraam (prohibited) in sayings and actions – and he leaves off many waajibaat (obligations, or things that he should be doing). This is not from the characteristics of the students of knowledge! The student of knowledge has to make sure that his actions are always ones which will bring about benefit for him – meaning that which concerns him from what he has been commanded in the Sharee’ah or been encouraged (to do) – and to leave off that which doesn’t concern him from the sayings and actions, the apparent thereof and the hidden.” (2)

 

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(1)  Hadeeth #12 in al-Ahaadeeth an-Nawawiyyah.  It is graded Hassan, and has been narrated by at-Tirmithee and others in this fashion.

(2)  The Explanation of the Arba’een an-Nawawiyyah by Sh.  Saaleh ibn Abdul-Azeez ibn Muhammad aal ash-Shaykh.

 

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تفتح أبواب الجنة يوم الاثنين ، ويوم الخميس . فيغفر لكل عبد لا يشرك بالله شيئا . إلا رجلا كانت بينه وبين أخيه شحناء .  فيقال : أنظروا هذين حتى يصطلحا . أنظروا هذين حتى يصطلحا . أنظروا هذين حتى يصطلحا .

 

Abu Hurayrah (radiyallaahu ‘anhu) narrated that the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:

 

The gates of Paradise will be opened on Monday and on Thursdays, and every servant [of Allaah] who associates nothing with Allaah will be forgiven, except for the man who has a grudge against his brother. [About them] it will be said, ‘Delay these two until they are reconciled. Delay these two until they are reconciled. Delay these two until they are reconciled.’” (1)

 

It’s Thursday!  Got a Grudge?  Do Not Hold it…

Reconcile.

 

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(1) Reported by Muslim in al-Musnad as-Saheeh, #2565.

 

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في الصحيح عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه: أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال:

(( احرص على ما ينفعُك ، واستعن بالله ولا تعجِزن . وإن أصابك شيء فلا تقل :
لو أنّي فعلتُ كذا وكذا لكان كذا وكذا ، ولكن قل : قدّر الله وما شاء فعل، فإن لو تفتح عمل الشيطان )) .

 

 

 

It is authentically reported on the authority of Aboo Hurayrah (radiyallaahu anhu) that the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu alaihi wa sallam) said:

 

“Seek what benefits you, and seek help from Allaah alone, and do not lose heart.  If any adversity comes to you, do not say: “If I had only acted in such-and-such a way, it would have been such-and-such;”  but instead, say: “Allaah has decreed (it) and what He willed, He has done,” for verily, (the word) (if) opens the way for the work of Satan.” (1)

 

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Ref: Kitaab at-Tawheed by Sh. Muhammad ‘ibn Abdul-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah); chapter “On saying “If only such and such…”

(1) Saheeh Muslim

 

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